MASTER, ARTHUR M. (1895–1973), U.S. cardiologist. Born in New York City, he graduated with an M.D. from Cornell University (1921). He received his clinical and research training in Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, and with Sir Thomas Lewis at University College Hospital, London, before his appointment as head of cardiology at Mount Sinai. During World War II he was consultant cardiologist at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland (1942) and served with the U.S. Navy in the Pacific. He was appointed clinical professor of medicine at Columbia University, New York (1947). Master's clinical research concerned the development of the ECG (electrocardiogram) in the diagnosis of heart disease. The stress test named after him detected cardiac insufficiency during exercise and in principle remains a part of standard diagnostic procedures. (Michael Denman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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